Data from sensors monitoring equipment will be filtered and transmitted wirelessly to readers located throughout a mine, alerting maintenance personnel to abnormal vibration, power usage or temperatures affecting gear boxes, bearings and motors.
Timusk, who completed his PhD thesis on condition monitoring applications in the oil sands industry, points to several challenges in applying the technology to mobile equipment in underground mines.
The biggest problem is what he refers to as a data bottleneck.
“You can’t transmit vibration data wirelessly. It’s too much information, so the idea is to put the intelligence onboard and then move small pieces of high-level data to maintenance staff so they can plan better and anticipate a catastrophic failure.”
The system is also being designed to conform to the IREDES protocol, an electronic data exchange standard for mining and tunnelling equipment such as drill rigs, load-haul-dump vehicles or explosives handling.
The IREDES data exchange standard allows mining equipment and computers to talk to each other and share production and other information for process optimization.
“The strategy I’m interested in is novelty detection,” said Timusk. “Instead of trying to define ahead of time all of the ways a machine can fail, we’re collecting data that will represent normal operation. Any deviation from that can be used to indicate a failure, so it’s another way of looking at it that has the practical implication that you’re not dependant on defining faults.
“It’s also easier to deploy something like this on a number of different pieces of equipment. The machine will learn itself how to recognize normal behaviour.”
Underground production equipment operates in a range of different modes, making it more difficult to come up with a set of specific rules for defining normal behaviour, explained Timusk.
“That’s why there really isn’t anything out there for detecting faults on these pieces of equipment. They are always accelerating, decelerating and operating under different loading conditions, all the while things are always degrading, so your baselines are changing. You really need a high level of intelligence to detect a fault in that imperfect data environment.”
Condition monitoring can be used to detect faults in pumps, fans, crushers, hoists and other underground equipment. “There’s no end to the applications.”
Timusk is working on the project with Masters student Jordan McBain, who holds a Bachelor of Science in Computer Engineering from McMaster University and trained as a naval combat systems engineering officer with the Canadian Armed Forces.